8. When Mona misbehaves, her parents tend to discipline her by withdrawing love or making threats of punishment. Mona is likely to…

Group of answer choices

A. calm down and be less impulsive

B. be motivated to make long-term changes to her behavior

C. not understand or internalize social and moral rules

D. develop empathy and prosocial responses

9. Four-year-old Sammy is walking in the toy store with their mom. As they walk down one aisle, Sammy notices that all the toys in that aisle are pink and says, “Mommy, these are all for girls.” In the next aisle, Sammy notices that all the toys are blue and says, “Mommy, these are all for boys.” Sammy is demonstrating gender [ Select ]

A [“dysphoria”,

B”constancy

C”typing”, ”

D selection”]

10. Kelsey experienced traumatic brain injury to her cerebellum after getting into a scooter accident when she was not wearing a helmet. Based on this information, it is likely that Kelsey will show deficits in her [ Select ]

A [“motor and emotional”,

B”cognitive and motor”, ”

C. social and cognitive”, ”

D. emotional and social”] skills.

11. Juan is a 3½-year-old child participating in a study on cognitive development. In this study, the experimenter shows Juan two boxes—a familiar shoe box and a plain, unmarked box. The experimenter then asks Juan to select the box with the shoes in it, and Juan selects the shoe box. The experimenter then shows Juan that the shoe box is empty and the other, plain box contains shoe. Next, the experimenter introduces Juan to a teddy bear named Ted and asks, “Where do you think Ted will look for the shoes?” Based on this information, this experiment is examining Juan’s understanding of…
Group of answer

A choicesfalse beliefs
B dual representations
C conservation
D irreversibility
12. Nina is a preschooler whose self-concept is rapidly developing. As Nina’s self-concept develops, she will become…

Group of answer choices

A. more sensitive to receiving praise and blame
B. more likely to feel self-conscious emotions after success
C. less sensitive to the possibility of receiving negative feedback
D. less likely to feel basic emotions

16.

Match the following examples with the most appropriate corresponding concept. There are more concepts than examples, and each concept should only be used once.

Group of answer choices

A child hopping from one end of the room to the other, and back again.

[ Choose ] Constructive play Associative play Inventive play Parallel play Nonsocial play Functional play Make-believe play Rough-and-tumble play Cooperative play

A child and a peer working together to decorate a cookie.

[ Choose ] Constructive play Associative play Inventive play Parallel play Nonsocial play Functional play Make-believe play Rough-and-tumble play Cooperative play

A child playing chef by cooking with toy-food.

[ Choose ] Constructive play Associative play Inventive play Parallel play Nonsocial play Functional play Make-believe play Rough-and-tumble play Cooperative play

A child building a city out of blocks and then knocking it all down.

[ Choose ] Constructive play Associative play Inventive play Parallel play Nonsocial play Functional play Make-believe play Rough-and-tumble play Cooperative play

Two children sitting side-by-side, coloring in different coloring books, but sharing crayons.

[ Choose ] Constructive play Associative play Inventive play Parallel play Nonsocial play Functional play Make-believe play Rough-and-tumble play Cooperative play